As the capital of the country, Romania houses the important government buildings of the national government. Ceaușescu even publicly condemned the action as "a big mistake, [and] a serious danger to peace in Europe and to the fate of Communism in the world". Antonyms for capital of Romania. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878. [65] The first Slavic groups settled in Moldavia and Wallachia in the 6th century,[66] in Transylvania around 600. [259], Since December 1989, Romania has pursued a policy of strengthening relations with the West in general, more specifically with the United States and the European Union, albeit with limited relations involving the Russian Federation. [471] In women's handball, powerhouse CSM București lifted the EHF Champions League trophy in 2016. Cine sunt următorii în Top 5", "Miodrag Belodedici: the fugitive libero who conquered Europe twice | Jonathan Wilson", "What happened to Helmuth Duckadam? [137] The united principalities officially adopted the name Romania on 21 February 1862. Transmissible diseases are quite common by European standards. Tatoeba-2020.08. With an area of 238,397 sq. [251] In winter, the average maximum temperature is below 2 °C (36 °F). Tema. Esempi. [194][195] Romania remained under the direct military occupation and economic control of the USSR until the late 1950s. Capital City of Romania The largest and capital city of Romania is Bucharest , which is the industrial, commercial and cultural center of the country. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. [384] In 2018, the adult literacy rate was 98.8%. In English, the name of the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania. [428][429] Certain traditional recipes are made in direct connection with the holidays: chiftele, tobă and tochitura at Christmas; drob, pască and cozonac at Easter and other Romanian holidays. [295], After a series of privatizations and reforms in the late 1990s and 2000s, government intervention in the Romanian economy is somewhat less than in other European economies. [32][33] Excavations near a salt spring at Lunca yielded the earliest evidence for salt exploitation in Europe; here salt production began between 5th millennium BC and 4th BC. This surprise victory was attributed by many analysts to the implication of the Romanian diaspora in the voting process, with almost 50% casting ballots for Klaus Iohannis in the first round, compared to only 16% for Ponta. Define capital of Romania. [144], The Transylvanian Romanians and Saxons wanted to maintain the separate status of Transylvania in the Habsburg Monarchy, but the Austro-Hungarian Compromise brought about the union of the province with Hungary in 1867. [112][113] The neighboring powers forced him to abdicate in September, but he became a symbol of the unification of the Romanian lands in the 19th century. The charges for which they were executed were, among others, genocide by starvation. The largest ethnic minorities are the Hungarians, 6.1% of the population, and the Roma, 3.0% of the population. It is Romania's chief industrial and communications center. [146][147], Fearing Russian expansionism, Romania secretly joined the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in 1883, but public opinion remained hostile to Austria-Hungary. The Romania national football team played its first match in 1922 and is one of only four national teams to have taken part in the first three FIFA World Cups, the other three being Brazil, France, and Belgium. [307] There are sixteen international commercial airports in service today. [309] Around a third of the produced energy comes from renewable sources, mostly as hydroelectric power. The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a generally southeasterly direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta. [421][422] The traditional Romanian dress that otherwise has largely fallen out of use during the 20th century, is a popular ceremonial vestment worn on these festivities, especially in rural areas. Romania (/roʊˈmeɪniə/ (listen) ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a] (listen)) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. The capital of Romania, the sixth largest city in the EU , has become an important travel destination as a result of the business boom between Russia , Asia and Europe . As of August 2019, its acceptance into the Schengen Area is hampered because the European Council has misgivings about Romania's adherence to the rule of law,[262] a fundamental principle of EU membership. [154], Austria-Hungary quickly disintegrated after the war. [182] After the German occupation of Hungary in March 1944, about 132,000 Jews – mainly Hungarian-speaking – were deported to extermination camps from Northern Transylvania with the Hungarian authorities' support. The metropolitan area of Bucharest has an estimated population of 2.27 million people. [312] With one of the largest reserves of crude oil and shale gas in Europe[313] it is among the most energy-independent countries in the European Union,[314] and is looking to expand its nuclear power plant at Cernavodă further. [372] Its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova. [417] Multiple castles exist in Romania, including the popular tourist attractions of Peleș Castle,[418] Corvin Castle, and Bran Castle or "Dracula's Castle". The capital city has an area of 228 square km and a population of 1,883,425 individuals. [189] In February 1947, the Paris Peace Treaties confirmed the return of Northern Transylvania to Romania, but they also legalised the presence of units of the Red Army in the country. "Paula Seling despre rezultatul la Eurovision 2010: "Mai bine de atât nu se putea! [239], The Danube river forms a large part of the border with Serbia and Bulgaria, and flows into the Black Sea, forming the Danube Delta, which is the second-largest and best-preserved delta in Europe, and a biosphere reserve and a biodiversity World Heritage Site. At first glance, the architecture is dizzying, but it's a fascinating mix. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Against the background of this programme, the parent institutions of the nine largest foreign-owned banks incorporated in Romania subscribed to a coordinated commitment to maintain their overall exposure to Romania and to provide additional capital as necessary. [420] Winter holidays include the Christmas and New Year festivities during which various unique folklore dances and games are common: plugușorul, sorcova, ursul, and capra. What are synonyms for capital of Romania? [385] Kindergarten is optional between three and six years. The northern parts of the city have a series of lakes. [51][52], The Carpians, Goths and other neighbouring tribes made regular raids against Dacia from the 210s. [159][162][163] Although minorities could establish their own schools, Romanian language, history and geography could only be taught in Romanian. [173] Romania was forced to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union on 26 June 1940, Northern Transylvania to Hungary on 30 August, and Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria in September. [164], Agriculture remained the principal sector of economy, but several branches of industry—especially the production of coal, oil, metals, synthetic rubber, explosives and cosmetics—developed during the interwar period. The Roma minorityis usually underestimated in census data and may represent up to 10% of the population. Bucharest is the capital of Romania. [99][100] The second Romanian principality, Moldavia, achieved full autonomy during the reign of Bogdan I around 1360. [116] The Church Union strengthened the Romanian intellectuals' devotion to their Roman heritage. [178] The country regained Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, and the Germans placed Transnistria (the territory between the rivers Dniester and Dnieper) under Romanian administration. [458] Dinamo București reached the Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Cup Winners' Cup semi-final in 1990. "Romanian film "Child's Pose" wins Berlin Golden Bear", "Report on the Nominations from Luxembourg and Romania for the European Capital of Culture 2007", "Muzeul National Peles | Site-ul oficial al castelelor Peles si Pelisor", "Traditii si obiceiuri romanesti. [406], Prominent Romanian painters include: Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Andreescu Nicolae Tonitza and Theodor Aman. There is also a semi-legal, informal private tutoring system used mostly during secondary school, which prospered during the Communist regime. Economic growth accelerated in the midst of government liberalisations in opening up new sectors to competition and investment—most notably, energy and telecoms. [478] Other Romanian athletes who collected five gold medals like Comăneci are rowers Elisabeta Lipa (1984-2004) and Georgeta Damian (2000-2008). [321] Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. What feminists can learn from the eastern experience", "Romania's brains rank first in Europe, 10th in the world after Math Olympiad", "Romanian students win four medals, two gold, at the European Girls Mathematical Olympiad", "Romanian students win 32 medals at SEEMOUS International Mathematical Olympiad", "Ritli: Ministry of Health budget for 2012 can provide the assistance at least at the level of previous year", "Our patients vs. theirs: How many hospitals has Romania compared to other EU countries", "Personalul medico-sanitar pe categorii, forme de proprietate, sexe, macroregiuni, regiuni de dezvoltare și județe", ""De profesie: medic în România". [150] The country remained neutral when World War I broke out in 1914, but Prime Minister Ion I. C. Brătianu started negotiations with the Entente Powers. [41][45] He resisted the Romans for decades, but the Roman army defeated his troops in 106 AD. [134] After special assemblies convoked in Moldavia and Wallachia urged the unification of the two principalities, the Great Powers did not prevent the election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza as their collective domnitor (or ruling prince) in January 1859. Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. [373] Romania has the world's third-largest Eastern Orthodox population.[374][375]. What Lessons for the Spatial Policy? What to expect from Romania at Rio 2016 Olympic Games", România Un Secol de Istorie – statistical data, Treasures of the national library of Romania, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark,, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Romanian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1859, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [264] In May 2009, Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, declared that "Romania is one of the most trustworthy and respectable partners of the USA. [284] Metropolitan areas have been constituted for most of these cities. [57][58][59] The Goths' rule ended abruptly when the Huns invaded their territory in 376, causing new waves of migrations. [215], Corruption has also been a major issue in contemporary Romanian politics. tutto esatto qualsiasi . The metropolitan area of Bucharest has an estimated population of 2.27 million people. Care este povestea "Campioanei Provinciei, "FC Petrolul – UTA Arad/Duelul celor zece titluri! [98] He defeated the Hungarian royal army in the Battle of Posada and secured the independence of Wallachia in 1330. He was World Number 2 in 2015. Following the exit of the Ottomans, Bucharest was occupied by different powers like the Habsburg Monarchy and Imperial Russia for short periods. [316] According to Bloomberg, in 2013 Romania ranked fifth in the world, and according to The Independent, it ranks number one in Europe at Internet speeds,[317][318] with Timișoara ranked among the highest in the world. The largest ethnic minorities are the Hungarians, 6.1% of the population, and the Roma, 3.0% of the population. [136], The Treaty of Paris put the Danubian Principalities under the collective guardianship of the Great Powers in 1856. Someone offensive and annoying. [257] There are also courts of appeal, county courts and local courts. [123] The neighboring powers took advantage of the situation: the Habsburg Monarchy annexed the northwestern part of Moldavia, or Bukovina, in 1775, and the Russian Empire seized the eastern half of Moldavia, or Bessarabia, in 1812. "[265], Relations with Moldova are a special case given that the two countries share the same language and a common history. ", "Arad: "Bătrâna Doamnă", UTA Arad, împlinește, joi, 74 de ani. [364] The Romanian alphabet contains the same 26 letters of the standard Latin alphabet, as well as five additional ones (namely ă,â,î,ț, and ș), totaling 31. [114], The united armies of the Holy League expelled the Ottoman troops from Central Europe between 1684 and 1699, and the Principality of Transylvania was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy. Brâncuși has a sculptural ensemble in Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was auctioned in 2005 for $27.5 million. Deputații au adoptat noua Lege Electorală propusă de USL", "Post-Accession (Anti-)Corruption Record in Romania and Bulgaria", "Foreign Policy Priorities of Romania for 2008", "Romania's Schengen Accession in Jeopardy Over Rule of Law", "Background Note: Romania – U.S.-Romanian Relations", "Bucharest Herald Resources & Information", "Romania'S Relations with the Republic of Moldova", "Rediscovering History, Rediscovering Ultimate Truth", "Moldova, Romania open new chapter in bilateral relations", "Romania Finally Settles On Portuguese F-16s", "PICTURES: Romania accepts first C-27J Spartans-12/04/2010-London", "Romania: 2 soldiers killed, 1 injured in Afghanistan", "Joint Press Conference of the President of Romania Klaus Iohannis and US President Donald Trump, Rose Garden, White House – Embassy of Romania to the United States of America", "Romania To Send 450 More Troops To Afghanistan", "Romania ends combat mission in Afghanistan with visit from Prime Minister", "Romania ratifies US missile shield agreement", "Hierarchical list of the Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics – NUTS and the Statistical regions of Europe", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Romania to Get Next Installment of Bailout", "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) – Romania", "Net average wage in Romania slows down to real 4.8% annual rise", "Eurostat, HICP – monthly data (12-month average rate of change)", "In January 2017, the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was estimated at 5.4%", Industrial production up by 0.4% in euro area and EU27|Eurostat, "Top 20 companies in Romania by turnover", "IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011 – Central and Eastern Europe", "Romania - share of economic sectors in the gross domestic product 2018",, "FDI stock in Romania approaches EUR 84 bln", "Banca Naţională a României – "The History of the Romanian Leu" Exhibition", "Romania External Debt 2004–2020 Monthly USD mn CEIC Data", "Country Comparison-Electricity Consumptiom", "Planul Naţional de Acţiune în Domeniul Energiei din Surse Regenerabile (PNAER)", "Economic Insights – Trends and Challenges Vol.IV(LXVII) No. Other minorities include Ukrainians, Germans, Turks, Lipovans, Aromanians, Tatars, and Serbs. [135] Bishop Andrei Șaguna proposed the unification of the Romanians of the Habsburg Monarchy in a separate duchy, but the central government refused to change the internal borders. Bucharest is also the industrial, commercial, and transportation hub of Romania. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHitchins1991 (, Giurescu, "'Alegeri' după model sovietic", p.17 (citing Berry), 18 (citing Berry and note); Macuc, p.40; Tismăneanu, p.113. [412], In cinema, several movies of the Romanian New Wave have achieved international acclaim. The first fortified settlements appeared around 1800 BC, showing the militant character of Bronze Age societies. [92] Also in the 13th century, during one of its greatest periods of expansion, the Republic of Genoa started establishing many colonies and commercial and military ports on the Black Sea, in the current territory of Romania. The state is obliged to fund public hospitals and clinics. [224][225] However, Romania's development suffered a major setback during the late-2000s' recession leading to a large gross domestic product contraction and a budget deficit in 2009. Câte milioane de români au acces la internet", "• Chart: Blistering broadband: Europe's fastest downloaders | Statista", "Top 10: Where to Find the World's Fastest Internet", "Romanian city comes out first in the world in Internet download speed ranking", "Country/Economy Profiles: Romania, Page 329 Travel&Tourism", "Tourism attracted in 2005 investments worth €400 million", Report from Romanian National Institute of Statistics, "Castelul Bran, marcat de istorie, dar şi de legenda lui Dracula atrage anual sute de mii de turişti", "Bine ati venit pe site-ul de promovare a pensiunilor agroturistice din Romania !!! [138] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. [261], Romania opted on 1 January 2007, to accede to the Schengen Area, and its bid to join was approved by the European Parliament in June 2011, but was rejected by the EU Council in September 2011. Definition of capital of romania in the dictionary. Chinezii v-or avea 51% din actiuni – Nicolae Moga (PSD) – Energie –", "Numărul conexiunilor la internet a crescut cu 22,8%. [88][89] A high-ranking royal official, styled voivode, ruled the Transylvanian counties from the 1170s, but the Székely and Saxon seats (or districts) were not subject to the voivodes' authority. Prefect is appointed by the Romanian workforce is employed in agriculture, one of the city an. 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